What Is The Difference Between Type1 And Type 2 Diabetes?
When food enters the body, it is broken down into glucose and transported by the blood to the cells. Cells use glucose for energy. To do that, the cells need to use the insulin secreted by the pancreas.
If cells don’t get enough insulin or can’t use insulin effectively to absorb glucose, glucose stays in the blood and causes blood sugar to rise.
When your blood sugar exceeds the threshold of 126 mg/dL, you are diagnosed with diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes and type 2
Because your pancreas cannot secrete insulin.
The cause is not known yet.
Appears very early, possibly from birth.
Manage only by taking insulin and controlling blood sugar.
There is currently no cure.
Either the pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin or it’s due to insulin resistance.
The cause may be overweight, inactivity, eating a lot of carbs, ethnicity…
The disease appears later.
Manage by diet, exercise, weight loss…
Can be prevented or relieved.
What Does Type-2-Diabetes Mean?
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which cells cannot efficiently use glucose for energy. The reason is that the pancreas does not secrete enough insulin or the cells are resistant to insulin.
This condition leads to too much sugar circulating in the blood. Ultimately, high blood sugar can lead to circulatory, nervous, and immune system disorders.
What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?
The root cause type 2 diabetes:
Because the cells don’t get enough insulin or can’t use insulin effectively to absorb the glucose in the blood, it causes the blood sugar to rise. To compensate, the pancreas has to work harder to secrete more insulin.
This condition will damage the pancreas and it can no longer secrete insulin. Your blood sugar continues to rise. When your blood sugar exceeds 126 mg/dL you will have type-2-diabetes.
Overweight and obese, especially belly fat.
Due to race.
Due to genes and family history.
Due to stress.
Sleep too little or too much.
What Are The Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes?
Signs of type 2 diabetes
You can have type-2-diabetes for years without even knowing it because the sign of type 2 diabetes often develops very slowly. These signs include:
Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
Darkened areas of skin, usually in the armpits, groin, and neck
When you have the above signs, you need to quickly check your blood sugar, and detect the risk of type 2 diabetes early so that you can reverse it or prevent dangerous complications.
When you have suspicious symptoms, you must quickly get tested for type2 diabetes symptoms to confirm whether you have type-2-diabetes or not.
A1C Test: Measures your average blood glucose level over the past 3 months.
An A1C of less than 5.7%: is normal.
A1C between 5.7 and 6.4%: you have prediabetes.
If your A1C of 6.5% or higher: you can have type-2-diabetes.
Fasting blood sugar (FPG) test:
For the most reliable results, it’s to do this test in the morning, after you’ve fasted for at least 8 hours.
A blood sugar level of 99 mg/dL or lower: is normal.
Between 100 and 125 mg/dL: you have prediabetes.
If your blood sugar is 126 mg/dL or higher: you have type-2-diabetes.
Glucose tolerance test:
This method measures your blood sugar before and after you drink liquids that contain glucose. You must fast overnight before the test and have blood drawn to determine your fasting blood sugar level. You will drink liquids and check your blood sugar 1 hour or 2 hours later.
A blood sugar level of 140 mg/dL or less is normal.
Between 140 and 199 mg/dL: you have prediabetes.
If your blood sugar is 200 mg/dL or more: you have type-2-diabetes.
Is Type-2-Diabetes Serious?
Type-2-diabetes, if left unchecked and reversed, can cause serious complications:
Circulatory system: You are 5 times more likely to have heart disease or stroke. You also have a high risk of atherosclerosis and angina pectoris, cerebrovascular accidents, etc.
Nervous system damage leads to trouble with digestion, decreased sex drive, and susceptibility to Alzheimer’s disease.
Immune system: susceptible to infections, slow healing wounds, foot sores, cystitis…
Kidney damage or kidney failure.
Reduced vision and hearing.
How To Treatment For Type 2 Diabetes
Treatment of type 2 diabetes is primarily about monitoring and controlling your blood glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes treatments require a combination of lifestyle changes and medication.
These include weight management, healthy eating, and regular exercise. You can keep your blood sugar goals under control with diet and exercise alone.
Obesity is associated with insulin resistance and impaired insulin secretion, which is detrimental to or worsens type-2-diabetes.
Weight loss improves the patient’s metabolic status, lowers blood pressure, lowers blood glucose and lipid levels, and fat content in the liver.
You should lose about 7% of your body weight, weight loss can be supported by a low-calorie diet and exercise.
Eat fewer calories.
Cut back on refined carbs, especially sweets, and it’s best to get carbohydrates from products like fruits, vegetables, beans, whole grains, and dairy.
Eat more fiber.
You should get 30 to 60 minutes of exercise every day. You can walk, bike, swim, or do anything else that gets your heart rate up. If you’re taking medication that lowers blood sugar, you may need to snack before your workout.
If lifestyle changes can’t help you get your blood sugar under control, you may need medication.
Here are some of the most common medications used for people with type-2-diabetes:
Metformin (Fortamet, Glucophage, Glumetza, Riomet): This is usually the first-line medication to treat type-2-diabetes in most cases. It reduces the amount of glucose your liver makes and helps your body respond better to insulin.
Sulfonylureas (glimepiride, glipizide, glyburide): These are oral medications that help the body make more insulin.
Meglitinides (nateglinide, repaglinide): These drugs work faster than the sulfonylurea group. They stimulate the pancreas to secrete more insulin.
Thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone, rosiglitazone): These drugs help increase insulin sensitivity, but also increase the risk of heart disease. So they are not usually the first choice for treatment.
DPP-4 inhibitors (linagliptin, saxagliptin, sitagliptin): These drugs help lower blood sugar, but they can also cause joint pain and inflame your pancreas.
GLP-1 receptor agonists (exenatide, liraglutide, semaglutide): These are injections that slow digestion and lower blood sugar.
SGLT2 inhibitors (canagliflozin, dapagliflozin, empagliflozin): These drugs help the kidneys remove sugar from the body through the urine.
Can Type-2-Diabetes Be Reversed?
Can type 2 diabetes be reversed? Type-2-diabetes does not currently have a complete cure, but it can be reversed. Through dietary changes and weight loss, you can keep your blood sugar levels normal without medication.
This does not mean that you have completely recovered from diabetes. But some people can live many years without difficulty controlling blood sugar or complications of diabetes.
The key to reversing type 2 diabetes is weight loss.
Not only will losing weight help you manage your diabetes mellitus type 2 but losing weight can also keep you from do not have type2 diabetes mellitus.
Storing too much fat in the liver and pancreas promotes the development of diabetes. Reducing this fat helps your diabetes go into remission.
People who lose weight have lower levels of fat in the liver and pancreas, which helps the beta cells in the pancreas start working again. They secrete insulin and help control blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus is more likely to go into remission if you lose a significant amount of weight – about 15kg.
Weight loss methods:
Cut 500-750 calories per day.
Aim to take 10,000 steps a day and at least 2 and a half hours of moderate exercise each week.
The improvement in blood sugar is rapid, usually within hours to days.
Continuous laminectomy significantly and rapidly improves blood sugar levels, effectively reversing type 2 diabetes in 80% of patients in a short time.
Because it is surgery, there can be many risks. But most people who have surgery reverse their type 2 diabetes.
TYPE 2 DIABETES DIET
The bottom line of the type2 diabetes diet is:
-Eat low calories: because they can make you gain weight, it is not good for people with diabetes.
Eat fewer carbs: carbs can cause your blood sugar to spike.
Eat fewer calories
Eating less than 800 to 1,200 calories per day may help reduce symptoms of type 2 diabetes.
Eat fewer carbs
Find out how many carbs are in the foods you eat and calculate the total carbs for each meal and snack. You should only have 45 to 60 grams of carbs for each main meal and 15 to 20 grams for each snack.
Also, you should choose foods with a low glycemic index (GI) that can keep your blood sugar stable.
Foods that are good for diabetics
-Dark green leafy vegetables: spinach, kale, or collard greens.
– Fatty fish such as salmon, tuna, mackerel, and sardines.
– Nuts: peanuts, almonds, or walnuts…
-Whole grains: Whole grains, farro, brown rice, and quinoa.
– Milk and yogurt.
– Citrus fruits.
FOODS AND DRINKS TO LIMIT:
Fried foods and other foods are high in saturated and trans fats.
– Foods high in salt.
– Processed grains, like white rice or white flour.
– Sugary foods: such as pies, candies, and ice cream. Drink water instead of sugary drinks, consider using a sugar substitute in your coffee or tea.
Diabetes is now one of the most common diseases and its levels are increasing. Diabetes has many serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness…
Understanding diabetes can help you prevent, treat, or reverse it. To protect your health and quality of life. Hope the article can bring you some useful things.